Wednesday, 31 July 2013

Corruption and Progress - Anubhav Tiakaba Kar, BA 1st Semester English Hons.

The past few weeks have been very eventful. We have had the State budget being presented and many issues arising out of taxation, apart from the usual twists and turns related to the political situation in our State and India as a whole.  All these exercises seem to be geared towards one purpose and that is to make things better and bring about development. However, development can be easily hampered by many factors, one of which is corruption. Two brief write-ups submitted during “Renaissance Clique” - the bi-annual fest of the English Department, Tetso College are this week’s thoughts on the topic “Corruption is the Enemy of Development and Progress”.

Corruption and Progress

Winning essay by Anubhav Tiakaba Kar, BA 1st Semester English Hons.

Corruption occurs when a person or a group does something to benefit themselves, and in the process, they affect others in a negative and harmful way. Corruption is no strange phenomenon in the 21st century. It is a major problem that is being faced by our society today. People are cheated in various ways. Corruption is like a cancer in today’s world, and its growth can be attributed to the fact that there is no strong opposition that can tackle corruption or the corrupt. A study of any sphere of our life will show us that corruption has a major influence, be it the Central Government, or even our election system.

In Nagaland, corruption is drastically visible. The condition of roads in our state is horrible, and it is due to the officials who are responsible for the maintenance work. Since they are corrupt, we have broken roads with potholes to add to the misery of travelers. Talking about the many schools in rural sectors of the state, we have badly maintained classrooms with teachers who do not show much interest in teaching. A lot of these schools do not even conduct regular classes. The teachers appointed by the state get their salaries by doing half the work they are supposed to do. As a result, the students suffer immensely. These forms of corruption affect people in different ways. Development in the state is extremely slow because of corruption that occurs at various levels of the government.

In the national level as well, corruption is a very common phenomenon. Every morning in the newspaper we find news stories about corruption. One of main reasons for so much corruption is that in today’s world everyone wants money but not all want to work hard for it. They seek shortcuts to earn money easily. Another reason for corruption is that most of the time, the people who are investigating cases of corruption are corrupt themselves. The corrupt are rarely punished. Thus, the level of corruption is increasing day by and is a major drawback for the progress and development of the country and its people.

Everyone in the society needs to stand up against corruption. Our country itself is so corrupt, where the people in power are concerned about their own financial gains. Every now and then we hear people grumbling and complaining about corruption and corrupt officials. But is any action taken? Until and unless stricter anti-corruption laws are implemented and put into force, corruption will not stop. The officials must try and see beyond money. The government cannot function well until its people are honest. As long as corruption continues, there will always be a vast difference between the rich and the poor. The rich will continue to grow wealthy, while the poor will continue to lose money. We have the right to choose between good and bad. So we should always do the right thing and make the right decision because it will affect us one way or another.

It is the progress and development of our state that is being affected due to corruption. Thus, we should all take a stand. Together we can stop corruption. It will not happen in a day. But as little drops of water make an ocean, so also we should give our best and do what we can to stop corruption for not only our own self, but also for our society, state, nation, to improve and develop the world we live in.

Runners up essay by Yanuo Pojar, BA 1st Semester English Hons

Man is a social animal. He lives in a society, a society that might be developed or underdeveloped, educated or uneducated. Whatever be the case, politics tends to play a major role in society. The public chooses its own leaders with the hope for progress and development, but many times the result is just the opposite. The people in power tend to work for their own benefit and prosperity. They make personal upliftment their main motive, and this paves the way for corruption to seep into society.

In the present world, ‘corruption’ is a word we hear every day. Weak leaders with no interest in the development of the public bring about corruption. We know that Nagaland’s state budget is projecting a deficit. A main cause for this is the people in various levels of the government’s hierarchy who pocket the money kept aside for development. A good example would be the condition of the National Highway 29 between Dimapur and Kohima. We know that the Government allocates funds for the maintenance of highways across the country. Yet we see that the road is full of potholes. This lack of maintenance is a clear indication of corruption in society. Corruption of this nature is a universal phenomenon, which ultimately results in leaving the people, place, economy, and society underdeveloped.

Development and progressiveness of the country is greatly dependent on the leaders. They are the ones who shape a country’s present and future. Where there is no corruption, there is always peace and harmony. Such a place sees development and progress, and enjoys the benefits of being a modern society. A society cannot develop when corruption exists in its veins. A good tree produces good fruit. But if the tree if poisoned, even a good tree cannot produce good fruit. In the same way, a society cannot prosper when there is corruption in its core. Corruption always brings a society down.

Corruption and development can never go hand in hand. For a peaceful and harmonious society, corruption must be abolished. Like a mother hen who always rotates her eggs about fifty times a day to make sure that the yolk doesn't stick to the sides of the shell, so also corruption must be vigilantly checked in all spheres so that it does not interrupt a society’s growth and prosperity. Indeed, corruption is the worst enemy of development and progress.

“Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. For feedback or comments please email:

Thursday, 25 July 2013

Power of the Lord - Temjen Longkumer, Assistant Professor Education

In Nagaland, 90% of the population is Christian. We have churches, prayer and healing centres, fellowships, prayer cells, Christian support groups and more. We consider ourselves a blessed people, strong in faith and rooted in the gospel. Yet, we know very well that our State is far from perfect. We witness crime, rape, murder, corruption and feuds almost every other day, reminders of the challenges before every Christian Naga. As we struggle to live the true Christian life, teachings of Christ and the Word can never be said enough. Here is a piece dedicated to our Lord and a reminder to all of us of God’s power in the scriptures.

Power of the Lord

Christians believe that the Bible is inspired by God. The apostle Paul wrote to his co-worker Timothy, “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16). Paul asserts God’s active role in the writing of Scripture - a role so significant that what is written is the authoritative word of God. God “breathed”, as it were, on the authors of Scripture, and they were compelled to record the message. God desired people to hear.

Of course, Paul would have been referring to the Jewish Scriptures (Old Testament), since some of the New Testament books were yet to be written at the time. But there are findings that, if Paul wrote 2 Timothy near the end of his life, some writings eventually to be included in the New Testament were already being copied and circulated among the early churches throughout the Roman Empire. Since they reflected the teachings of Jesus’ earliest disciples, they were cherished and considered equal in authority to the Old Testament Scriptures. For instance, in one letter Paul quotes Deuteronomy 25:4 and Luke10:7- referring to both as “Scripture” (1 Timothy 5:18). And 2 Peter reveals that, at the time these letters were already considered Scriptures: “[Paul’s] letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people distort, as they do the other Scriptures” (2 Peter 3:16).

2 Peter contains another important passage about the inspiration of Scripture. “Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scriptures came about by the prophet’s own interpretation. For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit” (2 Peter 1:20, 21). This shows that both God and the human authors were actively involved in the production of Scripture. The writings of Scripture have their origin in God, not in the will of a human being. Therefore, what Scripture says is what God wished to communicate. But this wasn’t a process of simple dictation; the human authors also actively spoke. The personalities and communication styles of the writers are evident- “as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit”. Luke said he “carefully investigated” his Gospel (Luke 1”3), showing that inspiration by the Holy Spirit did not exclude human effort. In addition, 1 Peter reveals that, although the Old Testament prophets produced Holy Scripture, inspiration did not bring them complete understanding (1 Peter 1:10-12). They did not necessarily comprehend the complete significance of all the words they spoke and wrote. Because of the character of the God who inspired them, the writings of Scripture are totally trustworthy. Jesus succinctly testified to the authority of the Old Testament when he said, “the Scripture cannot be broken” (John 10:35). Regarding the gospel message of the New Testament, Paul wrote to the believers in Thessalonica: “We also thank God continually because, when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men, but as it actually is, the word of God, which is at work in you who believe” (1 Thessalonians 2:13). Since the word of God is “living and active” and “enduring” (Hebrews 4:12; 1 Peter 1:23), we can be sure that the Scriptures are at work in those who believe today as well.

Now here are some interesting facts about the Bible that might interest you.

What was first used to write the Bible?
• Stone: The first permanent writing surface was stone. In the Bible, the first reference to writing is to the Ten Commandments, which were written on stone. The first pen was a chisel.

• Waxed boards: Writing boards were made from pieces of wood or ivory covered with wax. They were used by the Assyrians, Greeks and Romans. Two boards were sometimes hinged together. Any pointed stick made a pen.

• Clay tablets: In ancient Babylonia, clay for writing was shaped into thin, flat, rectangular bricks. Words were pressed into the soft clay with a wedge-shaped stylus, and the clay then baked in the sun. Archaeologists have found whole ‘libraries’ of these clay tablets. Ordinary people often used broken bits of pottery, called ‘sherds’, to write memos, bills and even shopping lists. Ink was made from soot mixed with oil or gum.

• Papyrus: Before the Pyramids were built, the ancient Egyptians had learned to make papyrus paper from the pith (or inner stalk) of Nile papyrus reeds, which grew in marshy areas around Egypt. Still wet, the thick stems were laid out in rows on top of each other and beaten until they melded together into flat paper surface. (The word ‘paper’ comes from ‘papyrus’). When this sheet had dried in the sun, it could be re-used by washing or scraping. Egyptian pens were brushes made from reeds and ink was derived from plants and insects.

• Leather: The skins of sheep, goats, calves and antelopes were dried, scraped and cleaned to make a smooth material called parchment. The Hebrew word for book means ‘scrape’. Then the skins were stretched and beaten flat, ready for writing on. Pens were made from reeds, with one end cut to a sloping edge and then split.

What were the languages spoken in the Bible?
• Hebrew: The Old Testament tells the story of the Israelite people. Their language was Hebrew, and most of the Old Testament is written in Hebrew. The Hebrew alphabet has 22 consonants, but no vowels (vowel sounds had to be added by the reader). Hebrew is read from right to left, so the first page of the Hebrew Bible is our last page.

• Aramaic:
 Aramaic was spoken by the Persians, who were the major power in the Middle East for 200 years from about 550 B.C. Aramaic became the language used by traders in that region. Parts of the Old Testament books of Daniel, Ezra and Jeremiah were written in Aramaic. By New Testament times, Aramaic was the everyday language of the Jews, and Jesus would have spoken it. However, Hebrew remained the language for prayer and worship. Educated people still understood Hebrew, but when the Hebrew Bible was read aloud in synagogue services, a translator often gave the meaning in Aramaic. Some manuscripts of parts of the Old Testament in Aramaic, called ‘Targums’, have survived. They help us to discover the words of the original Hebrew.

• In Revelation, God says, “I am the Alpha and the Omega”- the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet- “who is, and who was, and who is to come” (Revelation 1:8).
“Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. For feedback or comments please email:”

Wednesday, 17 July 2013

Smart Studying - Shitio Shitiri, Head of Department Political Science

Summer break is over for many institutes in Nagaland and its now back to books! This summer marks the entry for freshers into their new College life and the resumption of classes for others. Learn some tips on how to cope with the new college experience and more on how to study effectively.

Smart Studying

When it comes to studying, majority of the students take it for granted. There are actually some ways to get the best out of studying by employing useful strategies, but which students often fail to put into practice. A good Army General, before advancing into new territory will first gather and analyze information on the terrain, the weather, outlook, enemy position and so on. As a student embarking on a course of study, similar research ought to be done beforehand. Here are some ways that can help you get started:

• Speak to other students who have already taken the course. Gather information about the topics, the quality of the teachers, the challenges of the course, and the most useful textbooks.

• Shop around first, if your institute offers an array of courses. Attend the first class or lecture of several subjects (for B.A. Ist Semester students), more than you actually plan to register for and then make your selection. You might find yourself enjoying a subject you never liked much or opting out of a subject that does not interest you anymore. However, first check if your institute offers such flexibility of courses and the stipulated deadline.

• Try to get an official copy of the full syllabus for each course beforehand.

• Find out about the marking system. What proportion of marks do the final exams command, weightage of assignment, class test, term test, research project and so on?

• Read before the course starts. Read some broad introduction of the subject, such as general textbooks. This will help you understand the subject faster as the topics are covered in lectures and in subsequent reading.
Once you have done preliminary preparation for your course, the next steps can help keep you up to speed in your studies:

1. Right Attitude: The object of study is knowledge and not just qualifications. Approach your course with the intention of learning the subject and improving your mind, rather than merely passing the exam.

2. Maintain balance: An over stretched work day produces greater boredom, fatigue, resentment and reduces the level of concentration and commitment. Of course, the threshold varies from person to person, and you will have to discover your own optimum. You should fit in the routine chores of daily life, without seriously reducing the overall quality of your studies.

3. Adopt a businesslike approach:
 To live your student life to the fullest, you must live it efficiently. Develop a routine and maintain it. For some students, your mind might be sharpest in the morning. If this is the case, try to organize an hour reading, writing or ordering of your notes in the early morning hours.

4. Stay ahead of the Game: Don’t let big backlogs build up - whether its essay assignments, background reading or studying notes.  Remember, there are drawbacks if you ever fall behind your work. Each succeeding lecture will be much more difficult, since it requires knowledge of previous lectures.

5. Notes: Students can compile two kinds of notes - records and study notes. The trouble is that most students confuse the two: what they compile is records alone, but they treat this as study notes. Records are essentially a summary of a lecture while study notes are self written notes to aid you while studying. In science stream, a lecturer or textbook may supply a full and accurate account of a topic. Detailed and precise information of the subject is made available. This should be recorded along with study notes, and once you have studied and learnt them, you can truly claim to be a master of the subject.

In Arts and Humanities things are more fluid. Political philosophy or literary theory can never really offer ‘the last word’. Such subjects are open-ended. You can never hope to give an exhaustive, cut and dried answer to such questions. So it is not necessary to record everything you hear or read in class, as long as you can reproduce the answer in your own words. Where there is no gospel truth, you are perfectly entitled to pick and choose. Let your notes reflect this freedom; record only what seems valid or enlightening.

A typical procedure can be adopted for compiling a useful set of study notes. First, accept that note making is a central, rather than incidental part of studying. Set time aside for updating and upgrading your notes. Rereading your notes intermittently during the course is naturally a very good practice; rewriting them is even better. Secondly, accept that study notes are quite different from the record-type notes discussed above. Study notes need not be or should not be written in elegant lines of consecutive prose. They are for studying, not for reciting on stage. Thirdly, approach your note taking as a twofold task: grasping the general and particular, mastering the big picture and the detail.

6. Memorizing: Studying consistently throughout the course, will enable you to enter the exam hall with a confident mind as knowledge will be stored away in your long-term memory. However, if you cram for your exams overnight, your knowledge resides in your short-term memory. Of course, you might just get away with a last minute study session overnight and even pass quite adequately. But once the exam is over you will forget almost everything you have learnt. Why throw away something you have taken pains to acquire, when with long term efforts you can keep it forever?

Long term memory draws on four basic sources. First, understanding the material is crucial. Think how much easier it is to memorise a line of English poetry than a line of poetry in an unfamiliar foreign language. Unless you really understand the underlying meaning, sooner or later you will lose the ability to recall the surface formulation. Secondly, familiarization with the material is essential. This comes from repeated exposure to it, for instance, rereading the novel or mentally repeating the main points of history topics. Thirdly, anchoring or attaching the material to your existing knowledge can forge strong and lasting mental associations. When studying economics, sociology, history or political science, for example, try to relate the material to your own life and surrounding rather than thinking of it as an abstract self-contained body of knowledge. Lastly, a regular and conscientious programme of study will produce good long term memory (daily regiment).

7. Swotting: One of the most common afflictions suffered by students is exam panic. The symptoms are all too familiar- snappishness, overconsumption of black coffee, red eyes, and long face. For most students, even the most conscientious exam period is a time of stress. Learn to recognize the signs yourself and find time for some leisure activity each day to disperse any tendency towards obsessiveness in your swotting. Seek reassurance from your friends and family, and advice from your tutor. Don’t become a hermit.
In today’s scientific and competitive world, studying smartly is a requirement for survival if you wish to understand things in a rational manner. Begin today and let your student life have a lasting impact.

Reference: Study Techniques. accessed on 07/07/13
“Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. For feedback or comments please email:” 

Thursday, 11 July 2013

Right Goal, Right Preparation - Easterly Aye, Assistant Professor History

A chief minister has his cabinet members to give advice and direction. A church pastor has the deacon board members for the same. Children have parents and teachers. Everyone needs counsel and advice. But these counselors and well meaning bodies can only give advice when one takes a decision on the goal that one wants to achieve. 
Do you know what you want?

Right Goal, Right Preparation

Recently, I asked my B.A 2nd Semester students why they took up  History honours, instead of opting for a different honours. Many responded for competitive exams. I was happy to know that they have a goal in mind, but I also wondered how much time and effort they are actually putting in to achieve their goal. I realized that they probably may not even know how to start their preparation, and began to question why this problem should arise. Are we as teachers, parents, elders, to be blamed for not offering the proper guidance?

Right after declaration of the HSLC and HSSLC results, the following week local newspapers are always usually filled with advertisements of various institutes for admission. Students have to take the difficult decision of choosing which institute they would like to spend the next few years of their academic life. This is where parent and teacher counsel becomes most crucial in helping a child to shape their future, but counsel in the right way.

To choose the right institute one should have knowledge of not only the various academic streams on offer but also look at additional courses, if any, offered by the institute such as computer, music, English proficiency course etc. These add-on courses can help develop other skill sets that might come in handy in future in the professional world.

Along with the rise in human population, the literacy rate is also increasing tremendously. This has resulted in the unemployment crisis across our country, its daily rise becoming a threat even to our economy. As we all know in order to survive, we have to work for our stomach. Even the Bible says work and eat and not eat and work.

So what must we do?! For teachers, it is necessary to do our jobs with faithfulness and a sense of responsibility towards our students. At the same time, we should not forget the crucial role students also play in enabling teachers to carry out their responsibility effectively.

Students need to ask themselves a few basic questions: What do you really want to become? In this competitive world, when should you start working hard? Whom should you depend on? Whom should you go to for advice about your future career? The answers to all these depend on whether you decide to act on it or not.

Look within yourself and try to discover what exactly is your passion. Are you perplexed about your career? How did you reach a decision to pursue your career choice? Your friend wants to become a doctor so you also took up science, or your parents pressured you to appear competitive exams so you are following their dreams. Does this sound familiar?

God gifted each and every one of us with different, amazing talents. Why not utilize it correctly. It is true that our society is still guided by the pressure of our parents, family members or relatives. No doubt, they are experienced people yet it is also a fact that they may not know exactly what you could become by the time you become mature and responsible, because ultimately, the outcome rests on you alone – on how hard you choose to work, how passionate you are about your job or how much you are willing to sacrifice to accomplish your goals.

One of the problems of educated unemployment is that for many, it is only after completion of studies one realizes what exactly one wants to be. So, for all the current students in schools, colleges and universities today, when you still have some time left to decide your future, now is the time to experiment. Recently, many students have passed the HSCL and HSSLC exams. Among them, I wonder how many have chosen the right path and how many are still at the crossroad. Regardless, remember all of you still have an opportunity in your hand and that wise decision and hard work will together help prepare you to take hold of the larger opportunities that lie ahead. The earlier you become a successful person, the more advantageous it is for you. Today, we look upon successful people like a star. Bear in mind that like you, they also attended nursery or beginner class where learning began with the ABC’s of writing and speaking. Likewise, if you have a goal, there’s no royal way to start but with humble or simple beginnings. If you don’t have a concrete goal yet, don’t worry, but start exploring your passions now.

Having a positive attitude is another quality required to achieve a goal. Obstacles are a part of life. Do not allow disappointment to overcome your goal. Instead, tell yourself “you can do it”. Remember, if you stop moving ahead, you are underestimating yourself. A winner never gives in to failure. Another crucial factor is time utilization. While making preparations for your future, every single second counts. As the saying goes, “Time and tide wait for no man.”  I have been told that the reason behind the successful UPSC Naga candidates is that they make the best value of time. Of course, they also take time out for leisure, yet they keep their limits. Moreover, they remain faithful to their commitments.

A lesson we can learn from is the story of Thomas Alva Edison, the man who invented the electric bulb. He was a drop-out, but his hard work and passion brought him success. Like him there are many others too. This does not mean dropping-out is an option, but the lesson to be taken from this is that success comes only through your own passion and hard work. While you may not necessarily be a topper in your class, staying focused, diligent and earnest to your passions will open doors of opportunity to those who deserve it. Reaching a goal is not easy but winning is worth the elation.

Edited by Hewasa Lorin, Director Student Services
“Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. For feedback or comments please email:” 

Wednesday, 3 July 2013

The Responsibilities of the Powerful and the Powerless - Namsurei Thomas Kamei, Assistant Professor Economics

“We have a new class of educated people too qualified to be working in the paddy fields, but not qualified enough to be self-responsible and self-dependent.” True self-responsibility and self-dependency is to be accountable for our jobs, our organizations, our departments, our State. From the powerful to the seemingly powerless, together we all have a responsibility to shoulder.

The Responsibilities of the Powerful and the Powerless

People at the helm of affairs need to introspect and find out what they think about themselves. The President of a country can see himself/herself as a person entitled with many privileges and fully enjoy it. He/she can even go overboard. He/she can go on a foreign trip every month, regardless of the needs, squandering crores of the taxpayers’ money. The same is true for every leader.

Point here is, people tend to forget their priority the moment they are in a position of power. This has led to corruption and stagnancy of the process of improvement and development. Power can be easily misused if one forgets why one has been assigned with authority and power.

In my opinion, one of the essences of leadership is service. It is through continued service a person is considered capable of shouldering responsibility. In the history of mankind, no one became a great leader without putting in years of dedicated service. There can be a plethora of qualities essential for good leadership, however without a touch of servitude in a person’s personality, one can’t really be a good leader. This is equally applicable to all people who are in a position of responsibility. Thus, starting from the president to the chowkidar, each is expected to perform a certain service. The service is basically the responsibilities one is entrusted with.

A certain group of people who seem to be forgetful of their responsibilities are the politicians. When it comes to politicians, I have numerous questions for them and the public to ponder over: How many of our honourable representatives are aware of their responsibilities? Why do our representatives watch porn (happened in Karnataka) in the assembly? Why do we have so many of our leaders charged with corruption cases? Why do we have so many leaders whose wealth is disproportionate to their legal means of income (flashy cars and houses speak for themselves)? Why do we have leaders involved in molestation of the women folk? Why do we have representatives holding important portfolios caught for an illegal possession of arms when they are supposed to be guardians of the laws of the land? I think many are unaware of their responsibilities. Do they take a moment of their life and introspect who they are? Do they ever ask themselves what their responsibilities are?

The same holds true for the bureaucrats, corporate bosses, directors, heads of departments and whoever is in a position of authority. Misuse of position and power to further one’s own interests dilute the sanctity and purpose of authority. It has a “cascading-effect” pulling everyone into its web. A subordinate cannot be expected to be trustworthy when the boss is not trustworthy. The whole structure crumbles when the head succumbs to selfishness, sycophancy and corruption. A person supposed to provide solidarity and direction to an organisation or institute shouldn’t be so easily moved as to bend every time when there is a conflict between one’s good and the common good. It has rightly been said that an action that improves the condition of a person and worsens the condition of two persons is not an improvement. It is not an act of development and does not increase the welfare of the society as a whole.  If only people in power judged their every action by this simple rule of development and welfare.

Responsibilities are not exclusively for people in a position of power. Each and every individual shoulders it in one way or the other. It is a different matter how every individual views their responsibilities. There are individuals who go out of their way and shoulder responsibilities, regardless of self-benefits that come along. While others shoulder responsibilities which have direct bearing on them. In my opinion, even these two groups of individuals are a responsible lot. Then there are individuals who shun their responsibilities, regardless of whatever excuses they offer; they are a burden to the society. This is because of the fact that they are dependent on others who shoulder their responsibilities.  How do we decrease this dependent lot?

The issue of shouldering responsibilities becomes more important in a state like Nagaland. This is because of two reasons: firstly, because the State is a consumerist, non-producing and centrally funded State. Secondly, because the work culture in the State is not very healthy. Everyone in the State knows that whatever we consume, right from luxurious items like expensive cars to the smallest item like needles are all from outside the State. The State is very dependent on others. This dependency is so much so that the people of the State can appear like a burden on the Indian economy.

How do we alleviate this dependency? A simple rule to help may be to be responsible. Are we responsible for unwanted wastages in functions like marriage parties, birthdays, tribal festivals, church gatherings? I am not against the celebrations but against the wastages. How long will the educated depend on government jobs? Does education mean securing a Government job? Does higher degree mean attaining a higher post in a Government job? Is the Government meant only to be a job providing agency or salary disbursement organisation?

This rising dependency may be because of the results of prolonged shunning of responsibilities from the higher ups to the bottom. It may be because of the unhealthy work culture that prevails in the society. The degradation of the dignity of labour is partly because of the way the older generation encourage their children (the younger generation) to shun their responsibilities. How many parents equate success of their children with government job? How many of the parents taught or threatened their children that if they didn’t do well in their studies, they will be forced to work in the field? How many parents rate the success of their children with the amount of their pay cheque only? This has resulted in a generation of youngsters ignorant of their responsibilities and also their core abilities. We have a new class of educated people too qualified to be working in the paddy fields, but not qualified enough to be self-responsible and self-dependent.

Let us be responsible and reduce our dependency on others. John F Kennedy rightly said: “Ask not what the country can do for you, ask what you can do for the country”.
“Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. For feedback or comments please email:” 

The Missing Principles in Naga Society - Zuchano Khuvung, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science

Moral and ethical values as social categories are crucial for generating a sound culture in any given society. However, people tend t...