Thursday, 19 February 2015

The Big Commerce Boom - Yonglemju,B. Com 4th semester

YouthNet has recently launched its Inter-collegiate entrepreneurship competition which provides a platform to students to have a hands on experience at running a business on a budget. We also have many bright young Nagas entering the field of entrepreneurship with a good number of business establishments ranging from merchandise stores to restaurants, e-commerce and franchises etc. Surprisingly, however, when it comes to choosing an education, statistics reveal that commerce has the lowest number of student enrollment as compared to the arts and science streams, not taking into account the number of drop-outs or deregistered students. While this does not imply that running a business or being an entrepreneur is entirely restricted to Commerce students, it is revelatory of the fact that there is plenty of scope for students to opt for Commerce as a subject of study with a booming market that awaits them. Yonglemju, a B.Com 4th Semester, writes about the importance of carefully choosing the right stream to study, while also highlighting the benefits of studying commerce.
Yonglemju,B. Com 4th semester

Choosing a subject and course to study can seem like a daunting task. There are so many choices to make that you may feel overwhelmed by it all. There is no one course which suits everyone. The best way to decide what you would like to study is to ask yourself.After 10th standard there are usually three streams that students always look for and these are Arts, science & commerce. It has been noticed that mostly the first division students plan to study science, seconddivision students opt for commerce and third division studentstake up arts as their subject because they don’t have any other option,and this is the fact which is happening in our state. It is not easy for the students to decide which course to study.
To choose a subject there must be a clear insight of what a subject is and an interpretation of the area of interest. Once one decides which stream to opt for, it is not easy to deregister from the stream as both time and moneyhave been invested in it. This is really important because many of the students just opt to study science because their friends are taking science or their parents force them to or they think that good job opportunities are only available to Engineers or Doctors.Eventually, they drop out in the first year and switch back to either arts or commerce stream. It is a waste of time and the parent’s money.If we look at the statistics, most of the students opt for other streams instead of commerce.. In 2014, there were 13,570 students who appeared HSSLC exam, out of which arts and science had9,870 and 2,550 students respectively. There were only 1,150 commerce students in Nagaland who appeared HSSLC exams which is very less in number as compared to arts and science enrolment. They may say science is better because itis avast stream but I think both are of different fields and there is no comparison between them. Almost 70% of the students go for Arts, Engineering, Computer science and Medicine. Commerce is different from that and if you can put your effort you can definitely have a good career, reputation and more over you will be pursuing that which is notcommon. There are also fields such as finance, marketing, management, taxation, international business. You can choose the field of your interest and build your career in it.

Commerce is a very important subject. It is all about understanding business or trade.It deals with studies of market, economics, fiscal policies, industrial policies and so on. The scope of commerce has become very wide, perhaps it has no boundaries at all, because it has crossed the boundaries of nations, and it has acquired International status. Scope of commerce includes the role played by trade and aids to trade, banks and insurance companies, transport and advertising agencies which have contributed to a large extent for widening the scope of commerce.

Today, I see many Engineers unemployed because they don’t have the technical knowledge to be employed. In fact, among the postgraduates waiting for jobs, the number of engineers was higher than that of postgraduates in the arts, science and commerce streams. Finding a job in a private company can be really tough for arts and science graduates. In comparison, having a commerce degree can easily land you a job if you have the skills that your employer is looking for.One can study commerce if you like to play with numbers and have an inclination towards finance, business, law, etc. A number of subjects can be studied under disciplines of commerce in conjugation like; accountancy, economics, statistics, mathematics, etc.Students who plan to have their own firm can go for commerce. Entrepreneurship is offered as part of the Bachelor of Commerce. This will provide you a sound understanding of how to start up your own business and help in building your career goals. Apart from that there are many options for a commerce student like Chartered Accountant (CA), Company Secretary (CS),Cost and Works Accountant (CWA) and these are the top degree courses.Commerce students can find career opportunities even in public services viz. Civil services, Indian economic services, Indian Statistical services,etc.

If you are someone who has practical business sense, better decision making and sound knowledge of economics and management, definitely go for it. It indicates that you have potential for pursuing a career in the field of commerce. However, it is not that easy either as it is a very complicated subject, which requires continuous studies. You can achieve something great only by taking things seriously and building a strong foundation. If you want to just enjoy your life I am sure you can do it even by taking commerce as your subject, but if you do not concentrate on it, you will somehow pass but ruin your career. So, think before taking any decision because your whole future depends on it.

“Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College
is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College.
For feedback or comments please email:”. 

Wednesday, 11 February 2015

WHAT SHOULD YOU DO ON VALENTINE’S DAY? - Sosangmar, B.A.2ndSem, Political Science (Hons)

We have adopted a lot of things from the West, one of them is Valentine’s day. As Valentine’s day approaches it can actually result in a lot of pressure. We are flooded with advertisements, promotional offers and the many Facebook status updates. For a lot of young people, there is the peer pressure to have a valentine or have a plan for that day, for some others, it can also be a day when loneliness is felt even more strongly than usual. Valentine’s day, hate it or love it, is difficult to ignore.


I was on my phone scrolling down the Facebook page and I found a rather unusual status update by a user marking each day with a celebration like Rose day, Propose day, Teddy day, Chocolate day and so on. While12th Feb was meant for Hug day, 13th Feb was marked as kiss day and only then the long anticipated Valentine’s Day comes on 14th Feb. Now my question is what really is Valentine’s Day meant to be? After all those days observed with such lovely deeds, what is the other word for Valentine’s Day? What does Valentine’s Day stand for?

There are many legends about this mysterious St. Valentine. According to one legend, during the 3rd century in Rome, Roman Emperor Claudius II outlawed the marriage of young men. Realizing the injustice of the decree, St. Valentine performed marriages for young lovers. However, other stories suggest that when St. Valentine was imprisoned in jail for helping the Christians escape the harsh prosecution under the Roman Catholic, he fell in love with the jailor’s daughter. It was alleged that he sent a letter tagged as “From your Valentine” before he was executed. Whatever the legend maybe, St. Valentine displayed love, affection and friendship towards another. No wonder he became a great person after ages, and the day is celebrated as an event all over the world. His ideal character as a loving person and helping the needy continues to inspire people and his fame spread. Therefore by the middle age, it began to hold its grip over the people and in Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the 17th century and by 18th century, it was common for friends and lovers of all social class to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes. The notes were then replaced by printed cards by 19th century and then by 21st century, it became the 2nd popular holiday card with approximate 150 million cards sent annually after Christmas.

This particular day meant for couples is celebrated on 14th February all over the world. There is exchange of cards, gift and also a time when a partner tells the other how much they mean to them. However, Valentine’s Day is not usually a great day to celebrate for some. We have a number of ‘singles’ and ‘widowers’ as well. Valentine’s Day seems to focus on ‘couples’, and for many, the day just brings back memories of loved ones long gone or being terribly lonely on a day supposed to celebrate love! There are a lot of people out there who have never felt the fruit of a motherly love or a partner’s hug. There are people out there, dejected and despised crying out to love them. If you tell a person you love them and mean it and prove it down the road, that is great, but if you just do it because you were stimulated by an event, I would say you are the greatest fool ever tricked. However, on the other hand, .why wait for one day out of the year to say you love them? Love is not a thing you should play with because God is Love and God doesn’t play dice. These days people try to serve God how they like and not how the scriptures says. We are supposed to live for God and celebrating this day won’t bring us closer to God, but it might get us closer to the person we give the present to. Therefore, our main goal in life should be to prove to God that we can be faithful and be with him/her forever and we can prove it to Him only if we do His way and not our way. Friendship and sending gifts is wonderful and God is not opposed to romance at the right time. At the end of the Facebook status update, he mentioned “so when is your Break-up Day?”Jokes apart, it sounds funny but it speaks a whole lot of the real drama we people are playing. A little act of love can make a difference. A person practising random kindness in the wilderness is more inspiring than a person unleashing his wealth in the open. So this Valentine’s Day, tell a person you love them. Tell them how precious they are to you and how they have changed your life forever, by who they are and by what they meant to you. Do a little act of kindness and love an enemy or don’t wait up for Valentine’s Day at all. Do it now. Do it today for the one you ever wanted to thank for all the big times, whoever it is, you may see them walking out the door and it might be the last time you see them walking because tomorrow may be too late and when you are done with it, you can be truly proud of yourself.

“Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. For feedback or comments please email:”.

Thursday, 5 February 2015

Food Wastage: Do We Care? - Nivibo Y. Sumi, Assistant Professor, Dept. Of Sociology

“There are nearly one billion malnourished people in the world, but the approximately 40 million tonnes of food wasted by the US households, retailers and food services each year would be enough to satisfy the hunger of every one of them”Tristram Stuart

Food Wastage: Do We Care?

Studies and research over the year have shown that 10% of rich countries’ Greenhouse Gas Emissions come from growing food that is never eaten. According to a recent report by UNEP and the World Resources Institute (WRI), about one-third of all food produced worldwide, worth around US $1 trillion, gets lost or wasted in food production and consumption systems. When this figure is converted to calories, this means that about 1 in 4 calories intended for consumption is never actually eaten. In a world full of hunger, volatile food prices and social unrest, these statistics are more than just shocking; they are environmentally, morally and economically outrageous. Now, as a Naga nothing gets wasted and there is a saying “Anything that creeps, crawl, move, flow, swim or that has life” is edible for a hardcore Naga. In fact unlike the Western Societies or for that matter even other states in India, when we scrape off our dishes after a large meal, say in a wedding or major events involving food, too full to finish, we rarely pause and think about the significance of our action, because the wastage or the leftover in a plate is often food for the pets or the pigs or your neighbor’s pigs. Nothing, I mean, absolutely nothing, is wasted. So why is there a need to get stuck with this issue when we can discuss some other social issue relating to politics, ethics, economics or any other relevant “Social Existentialism?”

In Goldin's TED talk, he discusses about the "collapse in biodiversity, climate change" due to rapid globalization. Indeed, excessive food consumption in rich countries has resulted in food wastage. The excessive killing of animals for human consumption has contributed to the collapse in biodiversity. The carbon footprint from the food wasted also occupies almost 30 percent of the world’s agricultural land area, indirectly leading to global warming. This phenomenon and its consequence is the result of the lack of awareness towards food wastage, even among the richest countries in the world today.

As stated earlier, globalization has been the main driving force behind the rapid expansion of many developmental activities in cities of both developed and developing economy and the trend is catching up even in our small cities of Dimapur and Kohima.Our salaried state economy is literally undergoing a major phase of “economic boom.” The characteristic trend of the developed cities in and around the country and world are fast gaining its steady foothold here, even in our mini city itself. And as a country or a state gets richer, it invests more and more in getting surplus into its shops and restaurants. But have we ever given a thought, when so much food is being imported from the neighboring states of Assam, Meghalaya and others. What about our resources? Our State’s inability to produce food for our very own consumption has made our economy dependent. When so much amount of money is invested in buying food from green chilly to that of rice and fodder for our livestock, the money that is supposed to circulate among our people is literally invested in our neighboring states. Hence we see so much development taking place even in the KarbiAnglong District of Assam, which is considered the backward area in Assam. Where have we gone wrong? The present condition of our State’s economy is pathetic but we love to tag that weakness to that one name “corruption” “ministers” “MLA’s”. Now they might not be “Holier than Thou” bunch of people, but the absence of the civic responsibilities among our people has also led to our downfall in terms of economy.

“Wastage in terms of food here is not a waste at all”
 The explanation to this statement is already justified, or is it? Recent studies show that the amount of leftover food ata Naga wedding or major event, particularly in Dimapur and Kohima, does not always land up in the pig sty or “Doggie, Brownie, Guard, Tiger’s Plate”. Most of these food, thus wasted, end up in the gutter, partly because the job to wash a huge amount of dishes lay in the hand of the migrants who end up washing off almost everything and in turn a huge loss is incurred not only to individual but compiling all these losses leads to severe food-economy dependence to the aforementioned neighboring states. There are also cases where every day people walk into restaurants and food chains and often leave huge chunks of food unfinished, for various reasons.It’s not a shame to ask the waiter to pack the food thus unfinished.

“The end is just the beginning here” – Weekly bazaars infamous for second hand clothes and cheap food stuffs are also a part of it. Every alternative day, there is this weekly bazaar, from NotunBosti to Chumukedima. Food waste which can be a good alternative for animal fodder at the end of the day, are discarded or thrown into dustbins or areas meant for waste disposal. Rotten potatoes and tomatoes, which of course is not fit for human consumption, is piled up into a mini mountain and is often the main source or content of this food-waste. No doubt some of these are collected, but the majority of this is simply wasted and this vicious cycle continues where everyday food stuffs are imported and as a result contributes a huge amount of money to our neighbors. No doubt, there is an existence of food being brought from Peren, Wokha districts, and places like Tseminyu, Lazami (Pughoboto) and the neighboring villages around Kohima and Dimapur, yet it constitutes just an average of hardly 15% of the food being imported into Dimapur and Kohima.

And this is just the tip of the iceberg. Our cause here is not entirely contribution towards greenhouse gas emissions, as in developed countries, but in our civic sense and attitudes which hurt our economy. There is a need to start eating responsibly,especially when eating out. There is a need to start encouraging our local entrepreneurs at a micro level; there is a need to create an awareness among the people about food management which may seem insignificant to many.There is a need, if our society wants to projects itself towards that “Utopian Model.” There is definitely a NEED to be aware of our responsibilities and actions.
“Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. For feedback or comments please email:”

The Missing Principles in Naga Society - Zuchano Khuvung, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science

Moral and ethical values as social categories are crucial for generating a sound culture in any given society. However, people tend t...