Tuesday, 31 January 2017

Christianity in Nagaland - Tokavi V. Sumi, 5th Semester (English Honours), Tetso College

Nagaland having just recently experienced a tumultuous period over the ULB elections, we witnessed the intervention of religious bodies to help provide an interim solution to the existing deadlock. But what truly is Christianity in Nagaland? This thought provoking article reveals glaring observations and anxious thoughts of an anxious Naga youth witnessing the way we Nagas live by our Christian faith. Aware that societies are far from perfect and that humans are fallible beings, this Naga youth makes an appeal for humility and sincerity in our Christian state. 

Christianity in Nagaland

I am writing to express my opinion on the behavior and attitude of Christians in Nagaland society. Christianity is the predominant religion in Nagaland. Nagaland was Christianised in the 19th century by the well-known American missionary, Edward Clark. He is known as the first missionary in the Naga Hills from abroad. In 1872, Clark and his wife opened their first mission station in the Naga Hills.
In Nagaland, the number of Christian population is increasing rapidly with high church attendance both in rural and urban areas. We also see that many churches are reconstructed and enlarged from time to time because of revival crusades, conferences, and so on. We hear the word of God from many renowned preachers from around the world. During these programmes, we praise, worship, fast, pray in those programmes. My question is, after coming across all these activities, are we able to see changes in our society, i.e spiritually? Can we say that Nagaland is truly a Christian state?
In the past, I have observed church elders usually visiting and praying effectively for those families who financially support them. Whereas, on the other hand, for the poor, it is just the opposite. I'm not saying that everyone is doing the same thing, but I think a lot are. In the churches that I have visited, I have noticed that the first rows are always reserved for the elites: ministers, bureaucracy, and so on; and this is becoming the standard practice of the people which is not the will of God. In my opinion, the ones who come first should be allowed to sit in the front because in God’s eyes everyone is same. I believe that the first row should always be preserved for the old people who are deaf and blind so that they can hear the Word of God. But no one seems to put emphasis on the elderly. Certainly, it is not as though only the church elders are to be blamed but it is a joint responsibility — both you and I should be aware of it and correct this practice. What is happening to the people even after hearing the Word of God every Sunday? It makes us all seem like hypocrites. It is as if we have two faces — one for the church and one for the other half our lives. For instance, I have seen people selling goods and stuff in the guise of fundraising for the church, but there are some who do this for their own self-interest and profit. Such practices diminish the church’s reputation and shake a persons’ faith, while discouraging one from co-operating or aiding future church activities. And who are the ones doing all this? It is we Christians. In my opinion, one of the main factors causing such behaviour is that we lack 'humility' in our society. As a Christian, being humble is the most important character for a person. Our 'proudness’ has also become our weakness for it encourages us to look down on others, whoever they may be. I believe that we should try to become humble. But the question also arises why do we lack humility? Simple, because we always try to find 'shortcut' ways in everything we do; no matter the consequence. Most of us do not like to sacrifice our time and energy in one particular task; in fact, we tend to prefer the easy way out. Is the easy way out really worth it when we are tarnishing the church’s image? If all this continues, can we really call Nagaland a Christian state?
Dear friends, being a Christian does not always mean one must be holy and go to church. But one has to be humble, faithful, and honest. In fact, I should say that in order to grow spiritually even in terms of education, which is the backbone of the society, every educational institution should conduct fellowships regularly. Evangelical Unions can take the initiative. I believe if colleges and schools conduct fellowship from time to time, there will be some change.
As a Christian, I also believe that fasting, prayer, and fellowship are three most powerful weapons for spiritual growth, so I would like to encourage institutions to conduct fellowship programmes from time to time if they have not done so.
Through this article, what I really wish to convey to my readers is that one should first know how to lead a religious life, for I believe that living in harmony with the guidance of the Almighty is a life that is blissful and joyous. Moreover, it is not about changing the thoughts and ideas of people; rather it is about one's beliefs which ultimately shape us and the life we lead, be they good or bad. Therefore, we should also put emphasis on the religious life besides our daily work; and we should also have the faith that we can make a prudent difference in our own lives, as well as in our own society, regardless of the situation we come face-to-face with.

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Tuesday, 24 January 2017

Is India truly Democratic? - Anjan K Behera, Assistant Professor, Department of English

We live in a democratic country, India. We know that a representative government signifies a government of and by the people and for the people. However, how many of us have felt that the maxim: a government ‘for’ the people has often been overlooked. Anjan Behera asks some critical questions that make one question the true notion of what a democracy really is.  

Is India truly Democratic?

“India is a democracy. D-E-M-O-C-R-A-C-Y. India is a democracy.” In school, I had to memorise that India is a ‘democracy’. I hated the word. The spelling was much too complicated for me to remember. Years later, I understood what it really meant; that the Indian government was of the people, by the people, and for the people. We had a say in the running of the country; a shared responsibility in making India realise its full potential and soar towards an optimistic future. We are all shareholders…at least that’s what my 6th-grade teacher explained to us.

Of late, I cannot help but wonder, is it enough to just call ourselves a democracy? We know that our government is of the people and by the people, but is it really ‘for’ the people? Are we taken into account, are our lives considered when huge decisions are made at the centre which affects everybody? Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi made everyone’s heart skip a beat in 2015 when he said that he had signed a ‘historic’ Peace Accord with the NSCN. The only thing that I believe makes this peace accord a historic one is the fact that no one knows the details of the accord! Opposition leader Rahul Gandhi in a parliamentary session stated that the Prime Minister had not consulted with any of the Chief Ministers under whose jurisdictions the NSCN functions. It’s an accord which (being an eternal optimist, I believe positively) affects the society, and yet, we know nothing about it. Why the secrecy?

I like Narendra Modi. He is like a dramatic character of an Ekta Kapoor soap opera who loves making shocking announcements out of nowhere. In November 2016, our Prime Minister in an unscheduled televised address told the nation that all 1000 and 500 were worthless from here on (cue the thunder, and zoom in on all faces). An article published by the DNA newspaper attributed 55 deaths to demonetization. Apart from disrupting everyday life, the government now, to a great extent, controls how we spend our own money. The ones who are actually suffering are the common people, the ‘janta’ who thought that the government was for them.

We are not as independent as we might think we are. Banning beef in several states of ‘secular’ India, and actually investing state resources to uphold this law is absolutely ridiculous. Yes. Rape by a spouse is not a punishable offence in India, but beef eaters in many states are liable to be imprisoned for more than 5 years, as well as pay hefty fines. Makes one perfectly speechless! The law protects cows in India, and yet those who are raped by their husbands lie in the dark, writhing in pain, keeping their mouths shut since the law doesn’t even recognise what happens to them is a crime. According to the law, Indian husbands can only be ‘violent’ towards their wives. Marital rape is thus seen as an act of violence, and a punishment not worthy of the crime is meted out.

When it comes to rape, male survivors have it worse. Indian law does not even recognise male rape. This does not mean that men in India have not been raped. It’s more common than one might assume. There are several reported cases on online news portals and many other unreported ones. Yet, the Supreme Court of India found it more necessary to pass laws making which made it compulsory for movie theatres in India to play the national anthem. This was done with an aim to make Indians more patriotic. Yes, because listening to Jana Gana Mana just a few minutes before Sunny Leone starts gyrating on-screen totally makes everyone patriotic! The Indian legal system is yet to punish a criminal guilty of raping a man, and yet, according to a report published by NDTV, 20 had been arrested for not standing up while the national anthem was being played in a movie hall, within two days of this law being passed. We need to set our priorities right!

In August 2016, the Union Cabinet of India cleared a draft bill which denied homosexuals from having surrogate children. Sushma Swaraj, the Minister of External Affairs stated, “We do not recognise live-in and homosexual relationships….this is against our ethos.” The government of India submitted figures to the Supreme Court in 2012, according to which, there were about 2.5 million gay people recorded in the country, and these are only the ones who are out of the closet. There are thousands of others who keep their identities hidden for fear of discrimination. Are we really going to close our eyes and ignore the LGBT community? What good are traditions if they make people miserable, and for no good reason? If we are truly a democracy, with a government ‘for’ the people, why is homosexuality still criminalised in India?

India is the largest democracy in the world, and while we are better off than North Korea in terms of the rights given to citizens, we have a long way to go. Yes, the Indian Government is of the people, and by the people, but not always is it ‘for’ the people, and that I feel is a huge violation. Rules are good, but if these rules are actually hindering progress and everyday life, what good are they? Instead of pelting us down with water cannons and tear gas, listen to our demands! So they may teach children in schools that ‘India is a democracy’, but I know the truth, and so do you!

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Tuesday, 17 January 2017

“Solution to Electoral Malpractices Begins with Me” - Rukusheyi Rhakho, 2nd Semester (English Honours), Tetso College

Elections are integral to the existence of a democracy. Citizens should be able to freely elect who they believe will work towards the development and sustenance of the society. On the other hand, the candidates standing for elections must refrain from resorting to unfair means for securing votes. Rukusheyi Rhakho takes a look at the problems of electoral malpractices and how each of us is responsible for ensuring a free and fair election.

(This week’s article secured the 2nd place in the college level essay competition held as part of the Youth Voters’ Festival organized by the Election Commission of India, the Election Department in collaboration with government departments of the state and central government, partnering agencies and the educational institutions of Nagaland.)

“Solution to Electoral Malpractices Begins with Me”   

Electoral malpractices in a country with a vast number of illiterate, impoverished, and scores living below poverty lines becomes rather rampant and unchecked largely due to the ignorance of the people.

Malpractices during elections have been devised either covertly or openly by political parties or electoral candidates using a nefarious design of hook or crook. And this strategy, as a means has been efficient and is used due to its nature and position, as well as the influence and the results it guarantees. Such practices are largely left unchecked due to political pressure to ignore these venal practices which then exert pressure into the electoral mechanism, with the constant fear of backslashes looming in the background if pursued or investigated; thus, making it difficult to ensure a clean and fair electoral process.

In a diverse democratic country, malpractices have become a common feature of elections as if a logo or symbol to signify elections. Nevertheless, upon examining the matter closely, electoral malpractices have attained new levels of complexities and sophistications. They crush agencies that probe and investigate to verify that electoral malpractices are done away with. Nowadays, there has been a major turn in the way electoral malpractices are orchestrated and conducted. Through the dissemination of money and other luxury goods the rich and powerful candidates sway and influence the people and public opinions with materialistic benefits.

Parties and candidates resort to utilizing muscle power to force and deter the people and voters. This is again unchecked due to prying eyes of the parties or candidates who can easily manipulate everything that the government does to prevent or check malpractices. However, this is not only the fault of the political parties, the candidates, or the political powers backing them, it also has to do largely with the mindset of the people and their short-term, selfish desires. Although modern education has brought innumerable constructive changes in the lives of the people, it has clearly not changed the mindset of the people.

Free and fair electoral conduct is something we are all familiar with and often hear about; however, have we even comprehended its true meaning: its deeper meanings, its real conducive elements, and the functions it should serve? Presently, various sections of the society have taken up the call for free and fair elections and clean electoral practices. But the imperative question to ask is: Will the people accept it? Will the people really change?

The phrase “solution to electoral malpractices start with me”, has an apt meaning and also a rather aesthetic meaning to it. The very word and phrase imply that solutions to the electoral malpractices begin with me: myself, yourself, ourselves. And that we alone are responsible and have the obligation of changing the very electoral plague that has consumed every nook and cranny of the society. The solution we construct should stay within the bounds of our conscious mind, and we should simultaneously and sincerely work towards it, and not only speak and babble around the catch phrase while hiding and sitting quietly when the situation confronts us. That is why the word “me” has so much meaning. It means not someone else but oneself; it won’t be our parents or relatives or friends or neighbors, it has to be Me! The educational background, the experiences gained, and the consequence of a wrong decision, when we take a wrong turn during the elections, have to be learned, taught, and passed on to everyone because elections determine the conditions of our society; after all, we inhabit a nation that is government dependent.

Altogether guidelines such as not accepting money from the candidates, not bribing others, or not buying votes are some essential principles, these only address only half of the problem. The other half consist in addressing who must make the public awareness that will kindle understanding and bring about change that abolishes such fraudulent practices? Who must take up the yoke of delivering the society towards an electoral malpractice-free society? It is ourselves, it is I, ‘myself’; and it is you, ‘yourself’ that must take up the burden, not anyone else.

The duties that we follow should teach and make the society understand that it is not only about the material or lobbying benefits, which is illegal and unfair; nor is it about the money that we secure for our support or other material luxuries the candidates provide, rather it is about our very future that’s at stake. It is our society; it is our life that is at stake. When we give in to the materialistic magnets we harm our society, our life, our future. We must learn to detach ourselves from the materialistic pursuit at the cost of the society and morals. We must learn to look at the road that lies ahead. We must come to an understanding that an electoral malpractice-free society is not only best for our future but also conducive to the well-being of the society. In taking the right step today, we ascertain and secure our society and our future. We should be the stepping stones toward a brighter future and it should be the purpose of our lives. We should take the lead to show the people that their votes are precious, more precious than money, alcohol, or party affiliations. And that their votes can bring down a corrupt government and put in its place a government that attends to society’s voice and concerns; a government that truly fulfills its promises.

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Wednesday, 11 January 2017

The Naga Tribes Stereotyped -Thungdeno Humstoe, HoD, Department of Sociology

Stereotyping. The act of judging or making assumptions about an individual or groups based on their looks, race, social group, economic status or gender which lead to generalisations. From the mundane to the serious - Methanilie’s songs, conversations over coffee to conferences and business meetings, are we constantly stereotyping each other and our Naga tribes, hence influencing our decisions and responses to one another? Stereotyping can be both positive and negative, and as we read on we see how it has not escaped Nagaland but affected the way we understand the various Naga tribes.

The Naga Tribes Stereotyped

Stereotyping is a way of oversimplifying groups of people and has fortunately or unfortunately become one of the easiest ways of establishing an identity. In Nagaland, stereotyping stems from a commonly-held view about a particular tribe or group and this fallacy may arise from a single incident, which leads to a false assumption about the entire community. It’s like colouring the entire community with the same brush. Whenever we don’t have a good understanding of people or a particular tribe, we tend to make assumptions about them. Stereotypes are nothing but those assumptions that have become common knowledge.
We assume that one’s character and personality are largely shaped by the tribe one belongs to. But how many of us agree with the stereotypes about ourselves? We need to ask this question before we start stereotyping the other tribes. How does stereotyping affect our social relationships at school, work, our friend circles, or our dynamics in the neighbourhood? How does it affect the way we see ourselves and the way we view others?
There’s this song composed and sung by Methanilie, a legendary singer from Nagaland-
Kohima te thakia khan nisa lage phutani,
Wokha para aha khan chalak, chalak ahise.
Mokokchung thakia khan style kuri ahise,
Zunheboto para aha khan chakara.
Roughly translated into English, it says Kohima folks have too much attitude, people from Wokha are very cunning, those from Mokokchung are too stylish, and the ones from Zunheboto keep getting into fights. This song gained popularity during the 90s. As a kid, this was the first Nagamese song I learned. Of course, back then I didn’t fully understand the meaning of the lyrics. But as I grew up it dawned on me that this song contains elements of stereotyping. The intention of the singer regarding the idea conveyed is best known to him. Perhaps the singer wrote it based on his own experiences with few people he had come across.
Although I feel that he is at fault for generalising all the tribes purely by his own bias, we, however, cannot simply blame the media and Methanelie for producing such content. Listeners have an immense responsibility for judging and filtering the information they hear, see, or receive. We need to use our own values and knowledge to process the message. We popularised the song.
We Nagas have specific stereotypes regarding each of our tribes. We can easily find such examples in abundance which are familiar to every Naga. We accuse certain tribes of being sly, while others are double-crossers. We classify some tribes as aggressive, while others as misers. Some tribes we say are unsophisticated, and others dipsomaniacs. Sadly, the list goes on.
All these are mere stereotypes without any proof. We tend to prejudice fellow tribes chiefly based on our own experience with one or two people, or maybe tend to pre-assume. We habitually depict stereotypes through offensive songs, stories, and jokes, and thus help keep these ugly stereotypes alive! Stereotypes of this kind must be viewed with caution and be avoided at all cost as it leads to treating groups and communities as single entities.
In one of the TED-Talk shows, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, the Nigerian writer, argues that knowing a single story of a person, tribe, or country can cause misunderstandings, leading to the creation of stereotypes. People are influenced by a single story while remaining oblivious of the many stories that could change one’s perception. What if we see in other tribes and cultures not only what we believe, but the reality? We are so fixated on the narrow-minded perspective. Perhaps, we are victimised by the ‘Ophelia Syndrome’, best described as thinking or feeling a certain way because a person is told so. We fail to think independently due to the presence of social hierarchy and dominant popular culture. At this juncture, when we fail to make decisions based on our own thoughts, we lose our individuality.
Though many of us do not openly endorse these negative beliefs, just the mere awareness of these stereotypes can have undesirable consequences for individuals who are being labelled. It chains them in an identity that is not theirs, to begin with.
Stereotypes have repercussions. It manipulates how we think about a person belonging to a particular tribe and how we behave towards them. “Past studies have shown that people perform poorly in situations where they feel they are being stereotyped”, says Michael Inzlicht, a Professor of Psychology at the University of Toronto, in a paper published in the 2010 edition of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. In the article published on the UC Berkely News website, Carol Hyman tells how stereotypes could cause problems in people from early ages. The problem of stereotypes is creating confusion in children as it encourages bullying behaviour that they carry into adulthood.
It’s tough to eradicate all these stereotypes overnight because this is how our society is woven, but we can definitely start teaching our children to value and respect other people for what they are – wonderfully diverse. It is important to disapprove stereotypes in any form. Let’s not bind ourselves with chains which aren’t even real. This will make way for a better tomorrow for us Nagas.

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

Thursday, 5 January 2017

The Dark Side of Online Gaming - Noktinaro Aier, Assistant Professor, Department of Education

From simple arcade games like the Mr Pac-Man, we have come a long way. Video games today employ advanced graphics which make it vastly realistic. Over the years, people have been increasingly concerned about the vivid violence which forms an integral part of many of these games. Gamers maim and kill for scores in games like Dead Space and Medal of Honour. Grand Theft Auto V allows players to have sex with a hooker who can be strangled at the end. How are these ‘realistic’ games affecting the way we perceive and interact with the real world?

The Dark Side of Online Gaming
“As computer and Internet use has become a staple of everyday life, the potential for overuse is introduced, which may lead to addiction. Addiction to the Internet shares some of the negative aspects of substance addiction and has been shown to lead to consequences such as failing school, family, and relationship problems.”
Online games are frowned upon by parents as time-wasters, and worse, some education experts think these games corrupt the brain.  Playing violent games are easily blamed by the media and some experts as reasons why some become violent or commit anti-social behaviours. I did go through Rhilo Mero’s article on “Pokemon Go: What’s all the Fuss about?”, after reading it, it made me ponder as to how online games have affected today’s crowd, especially the youths. I would like to bring to attention some of its negative aspects, mainly because I too have been a victim of these over addictive online games. I use the word ‘victim’ as it has done more damage than good. I turned more like a dumb zombie hooked either in my smartphone or the computer screen. Some of the most addictive online games such as Dota (Defence of the Ancient) are venomous because today’s youth, especially young boys, are widely affected bringing with it a whole lot of failures in so many aspects of their lives.
Most of the bad effects of these games are blamed for the violence they contain. But when youths are questioned about these games, they strongly defend their addiction maintaining that games do not hamper them in any way that they are purposeful, and that gaming can be a career if they are good enough to qualify for international tournaments and so on. These are, of course, just excuses deviating them from the real world. Youths who play violent games are more likely to have increased aggressive thoughts, feelings, and decreased pro-social behaviours.  Some other addictive games such as the Clash of Clans, Teenpati, and other RPG games such as Diablo, League of legends, etc. are equally harmful.
The effect of Dota violence in youths is worsened by the games’ interactive nature.  In many games, a person is rewarded for being more violent.  The act of violence is done repeatedly.  Indeed, many studies (Anderson & Dill, 2000; Gentile, Lynch & Walsh, 2004) seem to indicate violent games may lead to aggressive behaviours.  However, the evidence is not consistent, and this issue is far from settled.
The American Psychological Association (APA) also concluded that there is a “consistent correlation” between violent games and aggression, but finds insufficient evidence to link violent video play to criminal violence.  An open letter by a number of media scholars, psychologists, and criminologists, have found the study and conclusion done by APA to be misleading and alarmist.  Indeed there are cases of teenagers who committed violent crimes to spend a great amount of time playing online games. It appears that there will always be violent people, and it just so happens that many of them also enjoy playing violent games.
Too much of gaming makes the youth socially isolated. Also, they may spend less time in other activities such as doing homework, reading, sports and interacting with family and friends. Some violent games teach them wrong values.  Violent behaviour, vengeance, and aggression are rewarded.  Negotiating and other nonviolent solutions are often ignored.  Games can confuse reality and fantasy. Academic achievement may be related to overall time spent playing these games. Studies show that the more time a youth spends playing games, the poorer is his performance in school.  (Anderson & Dill, 2000; Gentile, Lynch & Walsh, 2004). A study by Argosy University Minnesota School of Professional Psychology found that game addicts argue more with their teachers, fight with their friends, and score lower grades than others who are not addicted to games. Other studies show that many game players routinely skip their homework to play games, and many students admitted their game habits for poor school grades.
Additionally, it also damages the long-term concentration of students. It may also have bad effects on the health, including obesity, video-induced seizures, postural, muscular, and skeletal disorders, such as tendonitis, nerve compression, carpal tunnel syndrome, insomnia, restlessness, and so on.
Additions to these games increase individual’s depression and anxiety levels. They also exhibit social phobias. Not surprisingly, their school performance suffers. It also affects individuals’ attention level.
Online gaming indeed does more damage than good: social paralyses, unhealthy physical conditions, disconnect with families, increased level of depression, outburst of anger, pending works, slowly diminishing into a world of hopelessness, and lack of confidence in putting up with the realities of life are some of the few maladies afflicting the individuals. These negative effects should make us ponder as to whether online games are doing us any good? Learn to question yourselves. Ask whether these games will sustain your lives in the future. If gaming leads you towards failure in life, then this ought to be a wake-up call. Stay away from it, do things that will improve you and not destroy your life. Replace it with more resourceful activities such as in-person interactions with friends and families. It is better to stay away from online games if your balance in life is widely affected, especially students who spend much of their time gaming and losing themselves in the virtual world. It is high time that we avoid such questionable source of living, where we gain nothing but social and personal problems.

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognized Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr. Hewasa Lorin, Anjan Behera, Dr. Salikyu Sangtam, Nivibo Yiki, and Kvulo Lorin. For feedback or comments please email: dot@tetsocollege.org.

The Missing Principles in Naga Society - Zuchano Khuvung, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science

Moral and ethical values as social categories are crucial for generating a sound culture in any given society. However, people tend t...