Saturday, 30 December 2017

The Spirit of the Season - Limala Longchar, Assistant Professor, Department of English

The Spirit of the Season is all about loving, bonding, giving and sharing with those around us. Are we extending our friendship, warmth and generosity to those outside the comfort zones of our social circles too? Here’s some food for thought for the last few days of the year from our writer this week, Limala, who brings a different perspective about giving to the spirit of this yuletide season.  

The Spirit of the Season

Another two days have passed, since Christmas and New year’s is just a few days away. During this time, a question is usually asked every year, “Have you done anything significant this year?”. To this, everyone has a different answer. For some it is the best year, for some not so good, while some are not giving up yet. But, I shall not aggravate you by asking the same question that you get every  year. 
I would like to shift my focus on gift-giving and sharing during Christmas season. Traditionally, we relate the Christmas festival to carol singing, gift-giving, sharing, attending churches, decorating and lighting our homes. It is very  diverse and vibrant and heart-warming.

Come December, everyone flocks to the market, which is very famously referred to as “Christmas shopping”. It has become synonymous with our culture and way of life. Gifts are given and exchanged between families, friends, near and dear ones as a token of our love, appreciation. The whole atmosphere becomes very euphoric. Sharing is the further extension of gift-giving, whereby you divide your possession in the form of grain, rice, meat, fish, fruits and cakes amongst your family and friends.

Gift-giving and sharing is interrelated. The Naga society is a classless society, but there is no denying the fact that there is a huge disparity between the “haves” and the “have nots”. Likewise, the medium of exchange, sharing and gift-giving is also limited among the equals. The “haves” share and exchange gifts only amongst themselves, which most of them actually don’t need as they already have enough for themselves. Here, we see only one section of the society is uplifted. If we have to make a graph, we will see an increase among the “haves” and a steep decrease among the “have nots”. It gives a very grim picture of where our society is heading. The imbalance is clearly reflected.

Disparity between these two sections of society should be done away with. Sharing and gift-giving should be done within all sections of society. A random act of kindness can go a very long way. As humans, people tend to become very comfortable within their own circle, and their lives revolve only around them. This season, for a moment, can we stop being so engrossed in our own circles and look further. Delving deeper into the different sections of our society can be an eye-opener. We will find that there are so many neglected people whose living conditions are far below the poverty line. Can we shift the focal point from public display of material wealth among equals to a more nobler cause, whereby we can impact the lives of the less fortunate one. A humble suggestion is to outsource the abundant resources and materials to the less fortunate people. This contribution will go a very long way in impacting the life of people. Happiness provided to these people will give you a deep sense of satisfaction, much better than the insincere, overrated gratitude we receive from the more fortunate people.

There is no better moment than this time of the year to reach out to the unfortunate or more needy, or to go beyond our own comfort zones and interact within different social circles. This season is the perfect opportunity to spend with not just our near and dear ones, but to also extend our generosity and friendship to the less familiar. And it is the “haves” who can help bridge the divide between them and the “have nots”.

The balance can only be achieved when the “haves” and “haves not” blend together and work collectively. This is not an appeal for the creation of an utopian state. However, one simple solution can be, seeing the more fortunate take the initiative to strike a balance (minimum). This can be done by starting with people who are neglected, ignored and struggling with daily amenities. Look at the rural areas, where there is no electricity or even basic running water facilities. Light in the dark is a very rare sight for them. Some people don’t even have enough for both ends to meet. Their lives can only be brightened if people from all sections of society work in harmony. The reward can be the happiness you bring into someone’s life. So, now is the time and it can be any one of us.

Sharing and gift-giving need not be loud or a spectator’s game, where it is put on display for everyone to watch and receive ostentatious appreciation. The true essence of sharing and gift-giving should not be tampered with. It can be a very private affair, where the person can even go anonymous or incognito, take a step back, and watch the joy and gaiety of people with a deeper sense of satisfaction.               

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Nungchim Christopher, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email:

Wednesday, 20 December 2017

Glory or Vain Glory of Our Naga Past? -Seyiesilie Vupru, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science

The turn-out at Hornbill Festival 2017 recorded 2.43 lakh visitors in Nagaland. Annually, we have unceasingly been celebrating and honouring the past glory and culture of our forefathers that prevailed prior to colonialism. And it looks like we are doing a great job of it too, while curating this pre-colonial past as a strong identity marker for ourselves. However, as time passes and each succeeding year adds on to form Nagaland’s more recent past, what strikes the mind is - How long can we hope to keep on glorifying only our past glory? Can we also find a reason for our future generations to celebrate the past that we are now creating for them?

Glory or Vain Glory of Our Naga Past?

Looking at the yesteryears achievements of our forefathers, we feel great! It is joyful to rejoice in our past glory. It is a delightful treat to the heart to learn how our forefathers fought and won battles – triumphed, cherished and lived their lives with such admirable principles of honesty, bravery, hard work and unity. It truly brings such bliss and pride to celebrate our past success. After all, there is nothing wrong in feasting upon erstwhile accomplishments. We can proudly marvel at being called ‘children of the head hunters’ because they were good at what they did, doing it with indistinguishable courage and earned respect.

Our forefathers have done great things, and have laid a prosperous foundation for the future generations of which we can always be proud. However, while we sing through this, let us halt for a minute and ask ourselves a few questions – ‘Have we become too comfortable living in our past glories?’ ‘Are we doing anything more or at least enough for today?’ Or ‘Have we become too arrogant and lazy?’ ‘Do we realise we can also make history?’

While we ponder upon these thoughts, let us take a glimpse at the valuable principles our ancestors maintained that earned them unquestionable honour, which they wore around their neck with elegance, not only for themselves, but even to the extent of us – their children – to be recognized because of their great deed.

       For sure, honesty is one of the qualities they always upheld. We have learned from legends how they kept promises among themselves, a friend promising another not to leave each other at the battlefield even at the cost of their lives. We have been told stories of how a man would carry an injured one or the body of a friend without the head to the village – they truly lived up to their words. Not just to their fellow men, but also with their enemies, their integrity was so strong that they never cheated on agreements and honoured the same made between them.

       Bravery of our forefathers is another very commendable characteristic. But, what was it that drove them to be very courageous? Well, we see that it was their determination and discipline – once they made up their mind to go ahead with any work they made sure that it’s done. No matter what situation they met with in life – sickness, turmoil, loss, - nothing could stop them. The saying, “If you have discipline, drive and determination nothing is impossible,” by Dana Linn Bailey suits them very well.

       Along with the laudable trademarks mentioned above we can also add the quality of exceptional hard work our forefathers always maintained. They did not mind starvation and thirst for a short period, instead they worked very hard. If they could earn one today, they worked harder to earn two the next day and so on. After a certain point, this day-to-day collection led them to richness. They knew momentary suffering could not stop them and the reward would be worth the sweat.

       Another attribute of our ancestors worth mentioning was the unity they upheld. The belief and practices the village had was always regarded and maintained by every villager without doubt and question. It was not only within the village, but one village would pursue another to live in harmony. This was done by killing pigs and equally sharing them amongst the villages with the  promise to live in peace with one another.

It is obvious that men and women of such degree of attributes surely have earned their right to be respected in every aspect of life. All those virtues and values our forefathers believed and acted out in their everyday walk of life, certainly teaches us that there is something to be learned from them for our own benefit.

Having said all this, let us come  back to the questions raised earlier– ‘Do we think we can safely say that the present generation is also more or less the same as our ancestors?’ Observing the current scenario ( forgive the pessimism here), it feels like many of us, Nagas, have become too laid back, blinded by our own greed and selfishness. We have become too comfortable to see the wrongs that are eating away our society. Even if we happen to see it, our voices just turn into whispers, lost in thin air.

One of the main concerns of our State is corruption. No doubt, corruption is prevalent in almost all the States of the world, but that does not mean it cannot be stopped or contained. For instance, general election is just around the corner, and we already have heard of stories where one party threatens the other. More appalling is how brothers forget to show grace and love in their craving for power. It would be unfair to forget how a few are working hard to put sense into the mind of the people, to mention one or two - the clean election campaign, ACAUT etc. 

Can we Nagas do the right thing? Yes, we can by coming together, and doing the right thing for all the good that is needed to happen in our land. So, how about we add more value and glamour to the necklace of respect our forefathers have earned? We have two choices, either we can sit back, relax and watch ourselves become a part of the disease and pretend like everything is well or stand up, fight and become a part of the cure. We do not want to die of this plague, therefore, it is time we wake up and be acquainted with what is the need of the hour, keeping in mind we do this because we deserve so for a better today and tomorrow.

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Nungchim Christopher, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email:

Wednesday, 13 December 2017

Prisoners of Profession? - Rajesh Tanti, Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce

Finding the right job is never easy, but very crucial. Your profession can affect your life tremendously. Either you are happy and content at your workplace or it feels like a prison. Life goals combined with socio-economic factors and the environment around you are strong influencers of job choice. That is why, it helps to start thinking early about the choices and the other factors that inevitably impact your decision. Having a head start with a road map can help. So, especially for students who are appearing for your final exams next year, if you have not begun, it is a good time to start discussing, reflecting and laying the ground-work for your future.   

Everybody wants to have a better career and this is the reason why people spend so much time, money and energy in education. But what is the benefit of all these sacrifices if a person can’t live a happy life.

There is a very strong connection between happiness and career. Lack of job satisfaction is one of the biggest woes of today’s workforce. Have you ever thought about how much time you spend in your job? We spend approximately 8-10 hours of our prime time! Out of 24 hours daily if you spend 8-10 hours, under pressure, complaining, criticizing and condemning than how can you expect to be happy in your life if you follow the same routine for 30-40 years.

People who work for so many years in the same job or profession and live an unhappy life - well, I call them prisoners of their profession. Most of the people become job prisoners because they are caught in the wrong job! And most of the people are in wrong jobs because they live by chance and not by choice.

It is difficult to make students and freshers understand the consequences of being caught in the wrong job. Most often, many realise it, too late. By the time they do, it’s too late to come back and correct their mistakes. For example, if a person becomes a doctor after spending so much money and time, and later realizes that this profession is not meant for him/her then it is not easy to switch over to a new profession or to restart.

Even most of the working people also find it difficult to identify the symptoms of being caught in the wrong job. Here are some warning signs to watch out for:
Fear of getting out of bed and going to work, work schedule tearing family apart, job dissatisfaction, sleep disturbances, short temper, boring becomes the favorite word in workplace, mood swings, lack of opportunities to grow, no social life, dreaming about quitting, low morale, increased use of drugs or alcohol. This does not rule out personal factors from being the cause of these problems, however, there is a relation between our mental and physical well being due to both personal and professional imbalances.

Proper career planning is one of the ways to escape being caught in the wrong job. The saddest thing is that most of the students pursue education without adequate career planning, and most of the educated parents and guardians miss out giving proper guidance too. I feel getting an education without career planning is like people spending their whole lives climbing the ladder of success only to find that the ladder is leaning against the wrong wall.

Furthermore, in the guise of career planning, many students follow the traditional method of career planning and easily get caught in the wrong job. In the traditional method, most of the students choose their stream on the basis of marks. For example, if he/she gets 1st division they join Science, 2nd division goes to Commerce and 3rd divisioners pursue Arts. This is a trend in our society; but they should remember that the result of a single exam does not reveal your talent, interest and strength. This is because learning and the method of assessment and evaluation in our State strongly focuses on your memory, writing skills, knowledge of the subject and another important fate decider - the mood of the examiner.

Then there are some parents who want their children to become a doctor just because they are doctors. While some students choose a stream or course because of friendship. There are also some students who choose a stream or course with the intention of avoiding the complicated subjects. In the meantime, there are some students who give up on their dreams due to lack of finance and choose a stream or course which they don’t prefer.  But here I would like to add, before giving up, make sure you have complete information about the financial assistance provided by Government, financial institutions and respective colleges and universities for scholarships and loans.

On the other hand, planning a career scientifically means choosing a career on the basis of one’s personality, interest and skills. To shed more light on this, here is an illustration. Mr. John is a college student and conducted three tests:  personality, interest and skills, and his report says:
Out of six personality types viz. realistic, investigative, artistic, social, entrepreneurial, and conventional, John’s social personality type is strong and the report says, “He is a dedicated leader, humanistic, responsible and supportive. He uses feelings, words and ideas to work with people rather than a physical activity to do things. He enjoys the closeness, sharing, groups, unstructured activity and being in charge.”

The interest report indicates seven interest areas:  outdoor, practical, scientific, creative, business, office and people. His strong interest area is people. So he likes to work mainly with people or that he is concerned about their social welfare. The work of teachers, counsellor, police officers, and welfare workers involves a great deal of personal contact. An interest in working with people can also include jobs such as sales, cashiers, waiters, and secretaries, speaker, preacher etc.

Skills report says that his hidden skill is, ‘communication’.  So if he chooses a profession where he communicates more with people he will be more productive and happy. From the above illustration it is clear how proper career planning can help us in choosing the right career.

*If you are a student who needs any help in choosing your career feel free to send an email to

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Nungchim Christopher, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email:

Tuesday, 5 December 2017

Heard of the ‘Internet of Things’? - Reshiyunen, System Administrator

image credit-

The internet is one of the most important and transformative technologies ever invented. It has changed almost every aspect of our lives - how we work, think, educate and entertain ourselves. Adapting and being ready to take hold of its advantages are changing the pace at which countries, industries, companies and organisations progress and develop. The Internet of People changed the world. Well, there’s a new internet that has been emerging, and it’s poised to change the world again. This new internet is not just about connecting people, it’s about connecting things, it’s exciting, it’s a game changer and it’s called the Internet of Things.

Heard of the ‘Internet of Things’?

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a pretty broad concept overall. It’s the name given to the interconnection of everyday devices like cell phones and headphones to home appliances to automobiles with built-in sensors all the way up to biochip transponders in farm animals and heart monitoring implants in humans. Essentially, it is the way that machines communicate with each other in order to improve automation and efficiency in daily tasks. Now, this may be a surprise to some of us but the IoT is not even close to a new concept though it didn’t receive its name until 1999. The first internet appliance was actually a Coca-Cola vending machine that grad students at Carnegie-Mellon’s Computer Science Department connected to the internet back in 1982. Now though we have advanced by leaps and bounds since the 1980’s, the IoT is actually still pretty limited compared to what it could be and at this point might even be seen as a gimmick to the uninformed individual. The IoT is a giant network of connected "things" (which also includes people). Whether we are automating the production of a factory, giving city residents real-time traffic updates or monitoring our personal health, it’s the common internet of things platform that brings this diverse information together and provides the common language for the devices and apps to communicate with each other.

We as human beings interact, contribute and collaborate with other people in our own environment through our five senses. Imagine ‘things’ with the ability to sense and to touch and then add the ability to communicate and that’s where the internet of people and the internet of things intersect. Sophisticated sensors and actuators are embedded in the physical things that surround us each transmitting data and information. The process starts with the devices themselves which securely communicate with the internet of things platform. This platform integrates the data from many devices and implies analytics to share the most valuable data with applications that address industry-specific needs.

Say for example a wearable device like a smart watch that monitors your heartbeat, blood pressure and other vitals which is then synced with an app on your smart phone that analyses the data and identifies your mood and anxiety levels and tells you whether you need an appointment with the doctor. Now, if we add a smart home entertainment system to the mix that would sync with the smart phone and set up a music playlist suited for the current mood which would start playing automatically the moment you reach home. What if your office equipment knew when it was running low on supplies and automatically re-ordered more? Cars now have sensors that measure performance indicators like tyre pressure, fuel economy and various engine levels like oil pressure and temperature. Companies that are trying to increase home automation are currently focused on optimizing security and comfort, installing internet accessible cameras, locking or unlocking the door with a smart phone app are some of the internet-based advancements available to homeowners today. The scale of the Internet of Things is almost impossible to comprehend, but forecasts by research firm Gartner predict it will be made up of 26 billion to 30 billion connected objects by 2020. To put that into context, in 2012 Cisco estimated the total number of internet-connected devices at 8.7 billion (including phones, tablets and computers.)

All these examples are only the beginning of what the Internet of Things is capable of. Today- most internet and connected devices require human intervention to change anything about them but in the future, as more and more ‘things’ are connected with each other they can read off from each other themselves without our intervention. So, the concern then is that if machines are going to become so intelligent and efficient that they take over most of our day to day tasks then where do humans really fit in? Do we have a point anymore? And this is the main issue that some of the greatest minds of this age are starting to address with this growing implementation of automation.

We are entering into a stage where everything will be connected and experts predict that the impact of IoT will be $11 trillion a year by 2025, across factories, cities, human identification and interaction, health care, work sites and general safety, offices and vehicles. And why now? Because of the ultra-low cost of this hardware, the high availability of resources, the low level of difficulty to compile them and put them together and highly digital and the connected universe that is driving us towards not just connecting our digital space in our digital lives, but our physical space and the things we actually deal with every day.

So, as we welcome the whole universe to the next era of connectivity, I ask, once all our tasks are automated, when the things that we currently do every day, that some of us love and some of us hate, are actually replaced by IoT devices, artificial intelligence and interconnected systems, what do we do? We come back to creativity, innovation and humanity. We cannot replace our need to create new things, to improve them and to build interpersonal relationships. IoT is the beginning of a new era.

Degree of Thought is a weekly community column initiated by Tetso College in partnership with The Morung Express. Degree of Thought will delve into the social, cultural, political and educational issues around us. The views expressed here do not reflect the opinion of the institution. Tetso College is a NAAC Accredited UGC recognised Commerce and Arts College. The editors are Dr Hewasa Lorin, Nungchim Christopher, Seyiesilie Vupru, Vikono Krose and Kvulo Lorin. Portrait photographer: Rhilo Mero. For feedback or comments please email:

Special Economic Zone: Myth and Reality - Supongtemsu Longchar, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science

As a Special Economic Zone, can Nagaland upgrade its existing infrastructure to not only utilize to its maximum capacity, but at ...